Standard management of quantitatively packed commo

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Standardized management of quantitatively packed goods in European countries in recent years, some European countries have formulated strict standards for the management of quantitatively packed goods, paid attention to the promotion and use of unified measurement technical specifications, and emphasized the self-discipline control and management of packaging by enterprises. It mainly includes the following contents: 1. Formulate the measurement technical regulations applicable to the general quantitatively packaged goods. According to the actual situation of the country, some countries have specified the measurement requirements for the quantitatively packaged goods below 10kg (L), including the net, that is, if the same large load content is driven, the packaged goods with constant and changing content (for the packaged goods with changing net content, it is required to mark the price of unit quantity), unpacked bread Cakes and packaged goods marked with net content by quantity

in order to prevent the identification of packaged goods from giving consumers an illusion, a series of nominal values of net content (such as butter: 125g, 250g, etc.) are specified for some packaged goods respectively. The manufacturer must package and mark them according to the specified nominal values, so that consumers can compare the quantity and price of packaged goods. It is not allowed to have labels such as 123m L and 24lm L, and it is not allowed to mark the range of quantitatively packed goods, such as 100g on one side of the packed goods, but 100-105 or 100 ± 5g on the other side, etc

there are provisions on measuring containers and deceptive packaging, mainly requiring that the design of packaging should not give people a false impression. In Germany, if more than 30% of the packaging volume is not packed, it is regarded as deceptive packaging

2. Actively promote the use of E-MARK to improve the reputation of enterprises

in order to further promote the free circulation of goods and the development of trade within the European community, the European community also promotes the use of e-standard for quantitatively packaged goods. In European Community countries, if the packaged goods marked with net content by quality and capacity meet the measurement requirements of the specified average value principle, they can voluntarily apply for the use of E-MARK on their products and accept the supervision and control of the government measurement department. When the product is sold to other countries, it is generally not subject to repeated inspection

if an enterprise cultivates and introduces 1000 high-end talents of new materials, creates 30 key demonstration projects of new materials, cultivates 50 key backbone enterprises of new materials, and forms 10 industrial bases with new material characteristics, and considers it unnecessary to use e-standard, its net product content must meet the measurement requirements of the minimum value principle, that is, the actual net content of a single packaged commodity must be greater than its nominal value, that is, there must be no negative deviation. For enterprises, the actual packaging volume needs to be greatly increased, so e-standard is widely adopted by quantitative packaging enterprises in European Community countries

if the packaged goods use E-MARK but fail to meet the measurement requirements of the average value principle, or do not use E-MARK but fail to meet the measurement requirements of the minimum value principle, it will be regarded as illegal and will be punished

3. Emphasize self-discipline management of enterprises

at present, there are four main modes for European countries to manage the net content of quantitatively packaged goods: market supervision and inspection; Enterprise application + government monitoring on the packaging site + market supervision and inspection; Enterprise application + government monitoring at the packaging site + market supervision and inspection + inspection of enterprise capability; Enterprise application + government monitoring at the packaging site + market supervision and inspection + inspection of enterprise capability + confirmation of enterprise

market supervision and inspection: select quantitatively packed commodities in the market for sampling to check whether they meet the measurement requirements

government control on the packaging site: the government conducts sampling inspection on the packaged goods or 10000 pieces of packaged goods produced in one hour at the packaging site (production line) in accordance with legal procedures

enterprise capability inspection: inspect the packaging equipment, technology, recognized measurement methods, control equipment, instrument traceability and calibration of the enterprise, as well as the enterprise's own management system, measurement uncertainty, retention of relevant records, etc

confirm the enterprise: the enterprise is required to implement ISO9003 at least (ISO9001 is required in the future). Documents describing the packaging and control system shall be available; Documents approved by the government; Agree to use e mark on the package; Annual supervision over the management system; When the quality system is changed, it shall be reviewed and evaluated again

Britain adopts the second management method; Germany, France and other countries adopt the third management mode; Some countries in northern and Western Europe, such as Sweden and the Netherlands, adopt the fourth method

different from the management of the United States, in Europe, due to the use of e-target, the government generally rarely inspects quantitatively packed goods in the market. The actual demonstration shows that the battery system can simultaneously supply power to one TV, one computer, one electric fan and 10 60W lighting bulbs (see Figure 3), but it absolutely does not restrict the government's supervision on quantitatively packed goods in the market. Government departments can conduct inspections in the market according to work needs or consumer complaints. If problems are found, they should go to the enterprise for further inspection; If the enterprise is not under the jurisdiction of the local government department, the local government department shall be informed of the inspection on the market, and the local government department shall inspect the enterprise

in Germany and other countries, enterprises should be randomly selected at least once a year. Enterprises should pay certain fees for the inspection and assessment of government departments. If the product packaging and net content are unqualified, they should also be punished

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